Abdominal breathing : Abdominal breathing is an abnormal breathing that uses abdominal muscles to move air in and out of the lungs. It is usually a consequence of some type of respiratory disease or infection.
Abdominal effusion : It is a condition in which fluid builds up around the vital organs inside the abdomen. It can be the side effect of a serious condition, like liver disease, cancer, or heart disease. Some viral and bacterial infections can also cause the build-up of such fluid.
Ablepharia : It is a congenital condition in which eyelids are partially or completely missing.
Blepharitis : Inflammation of eyelids is called blepharitis.
Bradycardia : Slower heart rate than normal is called bradycardia.
Bradypnea :Slower breathing rate than normal is called bradypnea.
Buphthalmos :A condition characterized by an abnormally large eye, which can happen due to glaucoma.
Cataract : When the lease of the eye becomes cloudy or "opaque" , it is called cataract. Although aging brings cataract, there are medical conditions like diabetes mellitus that promote this condition and cause it to happen earlier.
Chalazion : It is a firm, cyst-like swelling on upper or sometimes lower eyelids that develops following occlusion of tarsal gland ducts. The continued production of lipid without exiting the gland results in swelling of tarsal gland and eventually it can rupture. This can induce a granulomatous reaction.
Coloboma : A coloboma is a congenital condition in which part of normal tissue in or around the eye ( for example eyelid ) is not formed . In dogs iris coloboma is a known condition.
Distichiasis : It is an uncomfortable condition in which abnormal eyelashes grow from meibomian gland and make contact with the surface of the eyeball.
Epiphora : An overflow of tears on the face due to excessive production of lacrimal glands or because of reduced drainage of tear (partial blockage of nasolacrimal ducts) is called epiphora. If the blockage were complete, it would be more pronounced.
Epispadias : It is a developmental abnormality that is extremely rare in females and in which the urethra opens on dorsal and caudal to it's normal location.
Entropion : The inward rolling or inversion of eyelid is called Entropion. It can cause irritation and damage to the cornea.
Enucleation : The removal of the entire eye ball is called enucleation
Jaundice : When skin and mucous membranes turn yellow in color because of increased amount of bilirubin in the blood and tissues, it is called jaundice.
Hypospadias : It is a developmental abnormality that develops in both males and females in which the urethra opens ventral and caudal to its normal location.
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca : Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) or "dry eye" is the inflammation of the cornea and the conjunctiva ( the mucous membrane that covers the front of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids) . It results from inadequate production of tear .
Tachycardia : Faster heart rate than normal is called tachycardia.
Tachypnea : Faster breathing rate than normal is called tachypnea.
Torsion : It is the rotation of an internal organ or part of it on it’s long axis which can cause compromise of the blood vessels supplying perfusion to the organ.
Trichiasis : It is an uncomfortable condition in which eyelashes or facial hairs are misdirected and they make contact with cornea or eyeball.
Vestibular disease : Vestibular disease results in neurological signs like ataxia, head tilt, falling, rolling, circling, and abnormal nystagmus. Vestibular system plays a major role in maintaining balance by helping control and adjusting the position of the eyes, head and body through sensing gravity.